Drafting the Law on the Legalization of Roma Settlements in Serbia - "Lex Specialis"

Standing Conference of the Association of Roma citizens, SKRUG - League Roma realized project about drafting laws to legalize Roma settlements in Serbia" - "Lex Specialis" . The project is supported by the Foundation for an Open Society, Belgrade. The main objective of the project is the preparation, drafting and advocacy for the adoption of "Lex Specialis" law on the legalization of Roma settlements in Serbia.

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Target groups of the project are representatives of Roma civil society organizations, the relevant decision-makers at central and local levels, representatives of international organizations and donor programs that deal with improving the position of Roma. League Roma proposes a platform for the development and adoption of "Lex Specialis" law on the legalization of Roma settlements, given that none of the four laws, which have been adopted in Serbia since 2000, does not provide the ability to legalize Roma settlements older than 50 years.

The proposal of the League of Roma is based on the fact that Serbia in 2004 signed the Vienna Declaration, which stresses the importance of legislation and predicts that the urban, social and economic integration of informal settlements in the entire city structure represent a key factor in the preparation for accession to the European Union.

Recommendations and conclusions:

  • By 2015 to create a legal framework for the legalization of Roma settlements
  • To establish an expert group to draft " lex specialis " for the legalization of Roma settlements 
  • The proposal "lex specialis" on the legalization of Roma settlements should add provisions to lay down the free legal aid 
  • Establish criteria for coverage of Roma settlements " Lex specialis" (the size of the village, and when it was taken) 
  • Committee for the Presidency SKRUG to help in defining minimum standards for the legalization of settlements and proposed that for this purpose the composition of the Board to strengthen some other technical experts
  • It is recommended that Roma settlements should have the status of the cultural heritage of a people. The oldest Roma settlements should be protected because they are an integral part of cultural identity and cultural history of a community 
  • The basis for the legalization of Roma settlements old, over 100 years, should be Turkey's notebook, which is located in Dubrovnik, Istanbul and Vienna. Turkish notebook with aspects of the law have the force of cadastral documents 
  • Use the guidelines on the legalization of Roma settlements and the Vienna Declaration 
  • It is necessary to carry out the analysis and establish criteria for coverage of Roma settlements "Lex specialis -player"
  • It is necessary to sensitize local government for solving Roma housing issues. It is necessary that local governments decide on the legalization of Roma settlements 
  • It is necessary to develop urban and action plans for Roma housing at the level of local government 
  • It is essential that local governments resolve legal property relations of land and ownership of the land where they built Roma settlements 
  • It is necessary to raise the capacity of Roma organizations in the field of housing 
  • It was suggested that SKRUG - League Roma participates and organizes meetings with decision makers from several municipalities that have a large number of Roma settlements Let us state the number of families 
  • It was emphasized that it should be considered how to legalize Roma settlements with less than 100 inhabitants, and that Roma settlements with at least 100 people are listed in the legalization based on the "lex specialis" on the legalization of Roma settlements 
  • It is necessary to draw up a detailed description of each of the Roma settlement, to determine which of the settlements should be covered by "Lex specialis"
  • It is necessary to set the criteria for the legalization of Roma settlements through the "lex specialis" on the legalization of Roma settlements

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